Tivoli, Rome lies some 30 km from Rome: it is a town of great antiquity, full of interesting reminders of its past, first and foremost Villa d'Este. The Villa, famous especially for its garden and the many and the many fountains with which it is embellished, was magnificently built and restored on the ruins of a Roman Villa by Pirro Ligorio in 1550, on commission on governor at the time (Ippolito d'Este). After various vicissitudes it became the property of Austria, was returned to the Italians in 1918, then restored before the monumental part and the immense park were opened to the public. The garden consists of two distincts parts joined by three large fishponds and by the Fountain of Neptune. The part of the garden on the slopes of the hills is divided by a series of paths on which a number of charming fountains and laid out, such as the Fountains of the Dragon (at the centre of the first avenue), flanked by the Fountains of Proserpine and the Organ: the Fountain of Tivoli or of the Oval, the Hunderd Fountains and the Fontana del Bicchierone, to which Bernini also contributed. In the lower part of the gardens are mock-grottoes with themes of fantasy.