Designing jewelry and becoming a jewelry designer is not the easiest professional path to follow. I have found that in my shop I need to wear several different hats to be an expert jewelry designer. First, I must know about the metals I use 18 karat (kt), 14kt, 10kt, platinum, white gold, yellow gold, pink gold, green gold, European gold, Italian gold, and bronze. To create different textures and surfaces, I use patinas, sand blasting, antiquing, and casting for jewelry (also known as lost wax casting). These and many other techniques all must be used and mastered for successful jewelry design.